Perched on top of each of your kidneys, your adrenal glands produce hormones that help regulate your metabolism, immune system, blood pressure and other essential functions. In human beings the right adrenal gland is triangular shaped while the left gland is shaped like half a moon or semilunar in shape. Each of the glands are around 1.5” to 3” inches in length. Although small, these glands dictate much of what happens in your body. The outer part of the adrenal gland is the adrenal cortex, which creates cortisol, aldosterone and androgen hormones. The second part is the adrenal medulla, which creates noradrenaline and adrenaline. Cortisol is a hormone that controls metabolism and helps the body react to increased stress levels. It affects the immune system and lowers inflammatory responses in the body. Aldosterone helps regulate sodium and potassium levels, blood volume and blood pressure. Androgen hormones are steroid hormones that are converted to female or male hormones in other parts of the body.
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