An individual’s body reacts to foreign substance like pollen as a threatening constituent and responds to the perceived danger in an excessive way – spewing of mast cells. Allergies can manifest as stuffy nose, itchy eyes, inflamed throat, sinus and lung challenges, irritated digestive tract, and urinary tract imbalance. Allergic triggers include pollen, food, prescription and over-the-counter medication, smoke, pet dander, mold and fungus, dust mites, insect stings, latex, and fragrances.
Mast cells are immune cells located throughout the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, sinuses, mouth, throat and the lungs. They are also found in the digestive, lower urinary and reproductive tissues as well as in the skin. They play an essential immune protective role by being intimately involved in the defense against foreign microorganisms. Mast cells contain large amounts of a type of fatty acids that are converted into histamine and other pro-inflammatory molecules when they are irritated.